ELDORA / Information about project / Project partners / Intellectual outputs /

Project identification 

Programme: Erasmus+

Key Action: Cooperation for innovation and the exchange of good practices

Action: Strategic Partnerships (field Strategic Partnerships for vocational education and training)

Main objective of the project: Development of Innovation

Project Title: Education for Local Development of Rural Areas

Project Acronym: ELDORA

 

Description of the project:

One of the biggest EU problems is connected to youth unemployment. More than 5 million young people aged 15-24 are unemployed in the EU today. More than one in five young Europeans on the labour market cannot find a job. 

The aim of the project: to strengthen the key competences and skills of young people at their final year at schools (VET institutions and universities), unemployed young people and leaders in rural areas to help them start a social enterprise in order to better utilize local natural and human resources, to increase economic development of rural areas and to prevent brain drain. 

In “European employment strategy” strong support to entrepreneurship and self-employment is given with special focus on social entrepreneurs. The "social economy" employs over 11 million people in the EU, accounting for 6% of total employment. 

A key factor for the development of the concept of social economy we consider the training of young people at their final year at schools, unemployed young people, local leaders and potential managers of social enterprises and local government representatives, as well as the dissemination of information to the general public on this area.

Social economy has very low share on overall employment in regions of Central Europe. Education in this field is necessary as basis for activities of municipalities, NGOs and other relevant stakeholders.

The several initiatives have been carried out in the area of social entrepreneurship (SE) as research projects on SE (e.g. BENISI, CRESSI, EFESEIIS, TRANSITION) and educational projects as NESts;  S.O.C.I.A.L. Entrepreneurship, Erasmus for Social Entrepreneurs 4, Social Enterprise Europe Erasmus Project, INCLUFAR, EMISE, Social Seducement and many others.  The ELDORA project will learn and build on these initiatives but also will take into account the specifics of the targeted countries and target groups.

 

Need analysis

Rural regions of Poland, Slovakia, Hungary and Italy has problems connected with economy – high unemployment rate, long-term unemployment, brain drain, depopulation. The ELDORA project is focusing on young people in risk of being unemployed (especially in rural areas). Youth (under 25s) unemployment rate in December 2016 in ELDORA partner countries was as follows: Italy 40,1 %, Slovakia 20,4 %, Poland 17,5 %, Hungary 11,9 %. Brain drain is also caused by insufficient new jobs creation, this problem is more painful in Slovakia, Poland and Hungary. Situation and experiences of countries is very different:

Slovakia is county where the social enterprise sector is still in a nascent stage and the operational framework, either in terms of legal framework, financial support or the theoretical definition, is still not well framed. The only statistics related to social enterprises are those in relation to subjects registered according to Act on Employment Services, which acknowledges exclusively work integration social enterprises. By March 2014 only 44 social enterprises were active. The analyses conducted have revealed that 20 784 social enterprises existed in Poland in 2014. At this time, social enterprises employed 265 801 individuals. It is estimated that there are circa 3 000 social enterprises in Hungary fulfilling the criteria of EU operational definition. (A map of social enterprises and their eco-systems in Europe. Country report Hungary). Hungary introduced training and financial support to young entrepreneurs, as part of the Youth Guarantee, and to social enterprises (including through employment-related temporary wage subsidies for disadvantaged workers).In Italy mainstream enterprises lost almost 500 000 employees between 2008 and 2014, while the overall number of employees of social cooperatives increased from 340 000 to 407 000, thus registering a growth of 20.1%. 

The current situation in youth unemployment, state of the sector of social enterprises, but also in more general indicators such as economical level, employment, long-term unemployment, effective projects and the examples of the utilisation of local resources, functioning cooperation between the public, private and non-profit sectors, are different.

Project outputs will exploit existing (very different) experiences of partner countries for creation of good outputs. Participating organisations and their co-workers in the region have rich experiences in the field of knowledge support in the area of social entrepreneurship. 

 

 

Target groups